With respect to the
need and requirement of users in industry, different types of Database
Management Systems were introduced to let the compatibility of user’s
requirement match with the types of DBMS(Database Management Systems)
These types of
databases are generated and introduced on the basis of certain requirement
parameters and technology changes. Some of them are listed
Types Of DBMS
1.Types Of DBMS: File Processing
System is a traditional approach to storing and managing data. Data Storage
was being done by storing the information in files present on the computer.
If in case there is a need for data, the files were checked individually to
retrieve desired results.
data, the file processing system was a good option to store, manipulate, and
retrieve data. But when the size of data increases, the file processing
system was so slow to generate desired results and it lagged behind. It was
a tough job file processing system to input such a large data in the form of
files and completely impossible to retrieve data just by simply searching it
in every file.
Other problems of
file processing system include data duplicity(redundancy), low security of
data, inability to handle multiple user requests at the same time, and many
more. That is why the file processing system was left out and other
databases are being used now.
2.Types Of DBMS:
Relational Database Management System(RDBMS)
Database Management Systems, unlike file processing systems the data is
stored in the tables(having rows and columns) where any table can be related
or linked to any other table using certain concepts. Also, data storage
using tables makes it very easy to maintain, manage, and manipulate
The data stored in
tables are presented as relation and this data can be extracted and
retrieved at any point in time. This can be done by using query languages
such as SQL(Structured Query Language) which helps in data manipulation and
Types Of DBMS:
3.Types Of DBMS: Network Database Management
Management System is another type that was very popular in the late 1970s.
These databases were known to be very adaptable and flexible in terms of
data storage because of their data storage architecture. But, the problem
aroused at the time of data retrieval as their flexibility became the major
Every dataset being
related to every other data set forming a network made it very complex and
difficult to search and get back the required data. Hence, they were also
avoided and are not being used now.
Types Of DBMS:
4.Types Of DBMS: Hierarchical Database Management
Database Management System works on the concept similar to that of “Concept
Hierarchy”. The whole database is structured
and architecture in the form similar to the structure of a tree, making it
one of the simplest and fastest databases present out there.
Types Of DBMS:
5.Types Of DBMS: Object-Oriented Database Management
They are different
from other databases as Object-Oriented Database Management Systems revolves
around “Object”(An object here referred to any real-world entity) and is
based upon the concept of various object-oriented languages such as “C++,
OODBMS also pertains
the concepts of:
OnNotes, Poet, EyeDB are some of the
examples of OODBMS.